Support for TGD view about galactic dark matter

Cosmology an also other fields of physics with one exception - particle physics - produces fascinating results on daily basis. It is really a pity that particle physicists living in the jail of their reductionistic world view cannot pay any attention to these discoveries and continue moaning that there is no data so that it impossible to go beyond standard model. Bad philosophy can kill entire field of science. Having replaced Planck length scale reductionism by fractality I can enjoy swimming in the flood of anomalies.

The surprise of this morning was a popular article about a detection of dark matter lumps by Hubble telescope. The discovery is based on gravitational lense effect. The popular article tells about light coming distant quasars - distance is about 10 million light years. At the path of light coming to Earth there is foreground galaxy - distance is about 2 million light years. They are reported to give rise to four separate images of the galaxy by lense effect.

I am however wondering why one observes four images of each quasar by foreground galaxy. My naive expectaton would be a ring if dark matter halo gives rise to the lensing. Tell me if I am wrong.

It is also stated that the number of images depends on how many different dark matter particles there exists. I must admit that I do not understand. I would be happy for explanation.

What says TGD?

  1. If galaxies are associated with long cosmic strings as tangles as in TGD Universe, flat velocity spectrum is automatically predicted without any other assumptions and velocity spectrum determines string tension. See and .
  2. Long cosmic string would give rise to two separate images in lensing effect rather than ring as halo would do. Two long foreground cosmic strings with different directions - say being nearly orthogonal - would give rise to four images. Two cosmic strings could be assigned with fusion of two galaxies associated with separate cosmic strings.
  3. The two cosmic strings could be assigned with fusion of two galaxies associated with separate cosmic strings. One can consider the possibility that visible galaxies are formed as two cosmic strings collide: this would give rise to instability initiating the thickening of the 2-D M4 projection of cosmic string and formation of tangles associated with both cosmic strings. Magnetic energy would be liberated and transform to ordinary matter giving rise to the visible matter of galaxy. For instance, could the 4 spiral arms of Milky way could relate to the second cosmic string in the plane of Milky way tangled around the second cosmic string orthogonal to the plane of Milky Way?

    One can consider also a situation in which there is no foreground galaxy but just two cosmic strings and this might provide a test for TGD view.

See the chapter Cosmic string model for the formation of galaxies and stars or the article Two interesting findings related to dark energy and galactic dark matter.