NASA Hubble Space Telescope Detects Ring of Dark Matter

The following catched my attention during this morning's webwalk.

NASA Hubble Space Telescope Detects Ring of Dark Matter

NASA will hold a media teleconference at 1 p.m. EDT on May 15 to discuss the strongest evidence to date that dark matter exists. This evidence was found in a ghostly ring of dark matter in the cluster CL0024+17, discovered using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. The ring is the first cluster to show a dark matter distribution that differs from the distribution of both the galaxies and the hot gas. The discovery will be featured in the May 15 issue of the Astrophysical Journal.

"Rings" puts bells ringing! In TGD Universe dark matter characterized by a gigantic value of Planck constant making dark matter a macroscopic quantum phase in astrophysical length and time scales. Rotationally symmetric structures - such as rings- with an exact rotational symmetry Zn, n very very large, of the "field body" of the system, is the basic prediction. In the model of planetary orbits the rings of dark matter around Bohr orbits force the visible matter at the Bohr orbit (see this).

TGD based model for dark matter inspires the hypothesis that it corresponds to Bohr orbit for macroscopically quantum coherent dark matter with gigantic value of Planck constant predicted by the model. The article about finding is now in archive and contains the data making possible to test the model. I am grateful for Kea for providing the link. The ring corresponds with a good accuracy to the lowest Bohr orbit for v0= 3×2-11, which is 3 times the favored value but allowed by the general hypothesis for the favored values of Planck constant.

I add the little calculation here to give an idea about what is involved. The number theoretic hypothesis for the preferred values of Planck constants states that the gravitational Planck constant

hbar= GMm/v0

equals to a ruler-and-compass rational which is ratio q= n1/n2 of ruler-and-compass ni integers expressible as a product of form n=2k∏ Fs, where all Fermat primes Fs are different. Only four of them are known and they are given by 3, 5, 17, 257, 216+1. v0=2-11 applies to inner planets and v0=2-11/5 to outer planets and the conditions from the quantization of hbar are satisfied.

The obvious TGD inspired hypothesis is that the dark matter ring corresponds to Bohr orbit. Hence the distance would be

r= n2 r0,

where r0 is Bohr radius and n is integer. n=1 for lowest Bohr orbit. The Bohr radius is given


where M the total mass in the dense core region inside the ring. This would give distance of about 2000 times Schwartschild radius for the lowest orbit for the preferred value of v0=2-11.

This prediction can be confronted with the data since the article Discovery of a ringlike dark matter structure in the core of the galaxy cluster C1 0024+17 is in the archive now.

  1. From the Summary and Conclusion part of the article the radius of the ring is about .4 Mpc, which makes in a good approximation 1.2 Mly (I prefer light years). More precisely - using arc second as a unit - the ring corresponds to a bump in the interval 60''-85'' centered at 75''. Figure 10 of of the article gives a good idea about the shape of the bump.

  2. From the article the mass in the dense core within radius which is almost half of the ring radius is about M=1.5×1014× MSun. The mass estimate based on gravitational lensing gives M=1.5×1014× MSun. If the gravitational lensing involves dark mass not in the central core, the first value can be used as the estimate. The Bohr radius this system is therefore r0= 1.5×1014× r0(Sun),

    where I have assumed v0=2-11 as for the inner planets in the model for the solar system.

  3. The Bohr orbit for our planetary system predicts correctly Mercury's orbital radius as n=3 Bohr orbit for v0 =2-11 so that one has


    where rM is Mercury's orbital radius. One obtains

    r0= 1.5×1014× rM/9.

  4. Mercury's orbital radius is in a good approximation rM=.4 AU, and AU (the distance of Earth from Sun) is 1.5×1011 meters. 1 ly corresponds to .95×1016 meters. This gives

    r0 =11 Mly to be compared with 1.2 Mly deduced from observations. The result is by a factor 9 too large.

  5. If one replaces v0 with 3v0 one obtains downwards scaling by a factor of 1/9, which gives r0=1.2 Mly. The general hypothesis indeed allows to scale v0 by a factor 3.

  6. If one considers instead of Bohr orbits genuine solutions of Schrödinger equation then only n> 1 structures can correspond to rings like structures. Minimal option would be n=2 with v0 replaced with 6v0 .

The conclusion would be that the ring would correspond to the lowest possible Bohr orbit for v0=3× 2-11. I would have been really happy if the favored value of v0 had appeared in the formula but the consistency with the ruler-and-compass hypothesis serves as a consolation. Skeptic can of course always argue that this is a pure accident. If so, it would be an addition to long series of accidents (planetary radii in solar system and radii of exoplanets). One can of course search rings at radii corresponding to n=2,3,... If these are found, I would say that the situation is settled.

For more details see the new chapter Quantum Astrophysics .