What's new inBioSystems as Conscious HologramsNote: Newest contributions are at the top! 
Year 2006 
A possible realization of water memoryThe Benveniste's discovery of water memory initiated quite dramatic sequence of events. The original experiment involved the homeopathic treatment of water by human antigene. This meant dilution of the water solution of antigene so that the concentration of antigene became extremely low. In accordance with homeopathic teachings human basophils reacted on this solution. The discovery was published in Nature and due to the strong polemic raised by the publication of the article, it was decided to test the experimental arrangement. The experimental results were reproduced under the original conditions. Then it was discovered that experimenters knew which bottles contained the treated water. The modified experiment in which experimenters did not possess this information failed to reproduce the results and the conclusion was regarded as obvious and Benveniste lost his laboratory among other things. Obviously any model of the effect taking it as a real effect rather than an astonishingly simplistic attempt of top scientists to cheat should explain also this finding. The model based on the notion of field body and general mechanism of long term memory allows to explain both the memory of water and why it failed under the conditions described. 1. A model for the water memory and homeopathic effect
2. Why Benveniste's experiments could not be replicated? Consider now the argument explaining the failure to replicate the experiments of Benveniste.

What really distinguishes between future and past?Our knowledge about geometric future is very uncertain as compared to that about geometric past. Hence we usually use words like plan/hunch/hope/... in the case of geometric future and speak about memories in the case of geometric past. We also regard geometric past as something absolutely stable. Why we cannot remember geometric future as reliably as the geometric past? Is it that geometric future is highly unstable as compared to the geometric past? Why this should be the case? This provides a possible TGD based articulation for the basic puzzles relating to time experience. The latest progress in the understanding of quantum TGD allows a more detailed consideration of these questions. 1. Is padictoreal phase transition enough? The basic idea is that the flow of subjective time corresponds to a phase transition front representing a transformation of intentions to actions and propagating towards the geometric future quantum jump by quantum jump. All quantum states have vanishing total quantum numbers in zero energy ontology which now forms the basis of quantum TGD and this ontology allows to imagine models for what could happen in this process. This starting point is the interpretation of fermions as correlates for cognition bosons as correlates for intentions/actions (see this). Fermions correspond to pairs of real and padic spacetime sheets with opposite quantum numbers with padic spacetime sheet providing a cognitive representation of the real spacetime sheet. Bosonic spacetime sheets would be either padic or real and thus represent intentions or actions. Fermionic world and its cognitive representations would be common to future and geometric past and the asymmetry would relate only to the intentionaction dichotomy. Geometric future contains a lot of padic spacetime sheets representing intentions which transform to real spacetime sheets allowing interpretation as desires inducing eventually neuronal activities. Time mirror mechanism for intentional action assumes that the phase transition gives rise to negative energy spacetime sheets representing propagation of signals to geometric past where they induce neuronal activities. From Libet's experiments relating to neuronal correlates of volition the time scale involved is a fraction of second but an infinite hierarchy of time scales is implied by fractality. Conservation of quantum numbers poses strong conditions on padictoreal phase transition. Noether charges are in the real context given by integrals over partonic 2surfaces. The problem is that these integrals do not make sense padically. There are two options. a) Give up the notion of padic Noether charge so that it would not make sense to speak about fourmomentum and other conserved quantum numbers in case of padic spacetime sheet. This implies zero energy ontology in the real sector. All real spacetime sheets would have vanishing conserved quantum numbers and padicto real transition generates real spacetime sheet complex with vanishing total energy. Negative energy signal must be somehow compensated by a positive energy state. b) It might be however possible to assign charges to padic spacetime sheets. The equations characterizing padic spacetime sheet representing intention and corresponding real spacetime sheet representing action are assumed to be given in terms of same rational functions with coefficients which are algebraic numbers consistent with the extension of padic numbers used so that the points common to real and padic spacetime sheets are in this extension. If real charges belong to the algebraic extension used, one could identify the padic charges as real charges. Zero energy ontology requires the presence of positive energy real spacetime sheets whose charges compensate those of negative energy spacetime sheets. One possibility is that real and corresponding padic spacetime sheets appear in pairs with vanishing total quantum numbers just as fermionic spacetime sheets are assumed to occur (see this. In the case of fermions padictoreal phase transition is impossible by Exclusion Principle so that a stable cognitive representation results. The minimal option would be that padic spacetime sheets possess negative energy and are transformed to negative energy signals inducing neuronal activities. The flow of subjective time would involve a transformation of the universe to zero energy universe in the sense that total conserved quantum numbers vanish in the real sense in bosonic sector but in fermionic sector real and padic charges compensate each other. This picture is probably too simple. RobertsonWalker cosmology has vanishing density of inertial energy. Hence it would seem that real bosons and fermions should appear in both positive and negative energy states and the arrow of time defined by the direction of the propagation of the intentiontoaction wave front would be local.
The transition of the geometric past back to intentional phase would involve transformation of real bosons to padic ones and is in principle possible for this option. For the first option the transition could occur only for real states with vanishing total quantum numbers which would make this transition highly improbable and thus imply irreversibility. The basic criticism is that since intentions in the proposed sense do not involve any selection, one could argue that this picture is not enough to explain the instability of the geometric future unless the instability is due to the instability of padic spacetime sheets in quantum jumps. 2. Does intentional action transform quantum critical phase to nonquantum critical phase? It is far from clear whether the proposed model is not able to explain the uncertainty of the geometric future and relative stability of the geometric past related very intimately to the possibility to select between different options. TGD based view about dark matter as a hierarchy of phases characterized by M^{4} and CP_{2} Planck constants quantized in integer multiples of minimum value hbar_{0} of hbar (see this) suggests a more refined view about what happens in the quantum jump transforming intention to action.
Intentional action would induce a transition to either of these two phases. Subsystem would chose either the lower or higher level in the hierarchy of consciousness with level characterized by the values of Planck constants. This unavoidably brings in mind a moral choice. Intentional actions involve often a choice between good and bad and this choice could reduce to a choice between values of Planck constant. Good deed would lead to higher value of Planck constant and bad deed to a lower one. This interpretation conforms with the earlier view about quantum ethics stating that good deeds are those which support evolution. The earlier proposal was however based on the assumption that evolution means a gradual increase of a typical padic length scale and seems to be too restricted in the recent framework. For instance, in cell length scale the cells of the geometric future could be in quantum critical phase such that large hbar phase corresponds to high T_{c} superconductivity and low hbar phase to its absence. In quantum jump cell would transform to either of these phases. The natural interpretation for the transition to low hbar phase is as cell death since the communications of the cell to and quantum control by the magnetic body are lost. Ageing could be seen as a process in which the transitions to small hbar phase begin to dominate or even the quantum criticality is lost. A model for the quantum criticality based on zeros of Riemann zeta developed here,here, here, here, and here allows a more quantitative view about what could happen in the phase transition. For more details see the chapter Time, SpaceTime and Consciousness.

Quantum model for Priore's machineTheoretician encounters sometimes inventions which work but seem to defy all attempts to understand them. Even more, it seems a complete mystery how the inventor has ended up with his device, unless one accepts the idea that the inventor was working under the guidance of some higher level conscious entities. Priore's machine demonstrated to heal cancer certainly belongs to this category. Although the biological effects of the Priore's device are described in high detail, the construction of the machine, which is very complicated, is described in a very sketchy manner (see U.S. Office of Naval Research Report on the Priore Machine, 16. August 1978 here). This makes it difficult to see what is essential and what is not. During years I have used Priore's machine as a kind of testing tool for TGD based quantum model of living matter. The frustrating experience has been that I have not been able to understand the real function of Priore's machine although I have identified which many of the most essential pieces in the puzzle. The most recent view about quantization of Planck constant and about hierarchy of dark magnetic bodies using hierarchy of EEGs to control biological body and to receive information from it motivated take a new look on Priore's machine. And then the flash came! I realized that the microwave radiation with frequency 9.4 GHz corresponds to the frequency of Josephson radiation at k=1 level of dark matter hierarchy defined by the hierarchy hbar= 2^{k11}hbar_{0} forming the basis for the TGD based model for hierarchy of scaled variants of eEG. The corresponding energy turned out to be exactly the Josephson energy 80 meV associated with the cell membrane resting potential! Thus the function of microwave radiation could be regeneration of Josephson radiation essential for the generation of scaled up variant of EEG. The basic function of Priore's machine is to artificially regenerate a level in the control hierarchy involving scaled variants of EEG, which is not present in the cancer tissue so that quantum biocontrol fails. Priore's machine would do a lot of things.
The constraint that the generalized EEG is precisely scaled up version of the ordinary EEG fixes the model for the function of the Priore's machine essentially completely. The chapter Homeopathy in ManySheeted SpaceTime contains the model for Priore's machine. 
Homeopathy in ManySheeted SpaceTimeThe claimed mechanisms of homeopathic healing and the method of manufacturing homeopathic potencies are not the only paradoxical aspects of homeopathy. Also the reported frequency imprinting and entrainment, codes based on field patterns, and associative learning of water look mysterious in the framework of standard physics. 1. Frequency imprinting and entrainment Frequency imprinting and entrainment at preferred frequencies are believed to be fundamental for homeopathy and acupuncture. The data suggest that water builds representations for the chemicals it contains as spacetime sheets containing water in liquid crystal form. These spacetime sheets reproduce relevant part for the spectrum of rotational frequencies of the molecule in rigid rotor approximation. Also the mimicry of vibrational spectrum using sound waves can be considered possible. Besides LC water blobs also magnetic mirrors consisting of magnetic flux tube plus parallel MEs pop up naturally in the original model of frequency imprinting and entrainment. The basic objection is that if the spacetime sheets are in thermal equilibrium, the scenario partially fails in the case of fundamentally important rotational and conformational spectra which are in microwave region. TGD however suggests that also inherently dark atoms identifiable as anyonic counterparts of ordinary atoms are possible and have the same energy spectrum as ordinary atoms, and that the notion of atom and molecule generalizes to what might be called Natom/molecule having energy spectrum scaled up by a factor 1≤ N≤ λ^{k}, hbar (k)=λ^{k}hbar_{0}. In this case various vibrational and rotational frequencies would define a hierarchy of dark energies which can be above thermal threshold. In particular, rotational and conformational microwave spectra of biomolecules have dark counterparts with energies above the thermal threshold. Otherwise only cyclotron energies and plasma oscillation energies can be above thermal threshold at sufficiently high levels of dark matter hierarchy. 2. Scaling laws Homeopathy seems to involve two kinds of scaling laws which seem to be closely related. What I call scaling law of homeopathy states that homeopathic frequencies appear in pairs (f_{h},f_{l}) of high and low frequencies such that their ratio is given by f_{h}/f_{l}≈ 2× 10^{11}. TGD approach explains this ratio predicts a generalization of the law. v=Lf_{l} scaling law tells in TGD framework how the frequencies associated with generalized EEG code for the velocities of physiological waves and their frequencies f_{h}= cf_{l}/v. The general model for motor control by magnetic body predicts this scaling law. 3. Model for the homeopathy The model of homeopathy must explain the effectiveness of homeopathic remedies manufactured by a repeated dilution and succussion. This can be understood if part of chemical involved is transformed to dark matter and is also represented by water clusters or dark supernuclei formed from protons. This minimal representation involves thermally stable dark cyclotron frequencies. If inherently dark atoms and molecules with essentially same energy spectrum as ordinary ones are possible, also the mimicry of vibrational and rotational spectrum is possible by clusters of dark water molecules. One must also understand why homeopathic remedies are manufactured from molecules which basically cause the symptoms to be cured. The explanation is that the presence of molecules mimicking the poisonous molecule makes it possible to sweep the poisonous molecules "under the rug" if they enter the organism. In the presence of BoseEinstein condensates of dark photons generated by the mimicking p"../articles/, the poisonous molecules drop to dark spacetime sheets where they are harmless: the mechanism is generalization of induced emission. The model should also explain the associative learning and field codes. The presence of a hierarchy of dark matter levels leads to a model for how magnetic body performs motor control in terms of dark plasmoids and their quantal plasma oscillation patterns and receives sensory input from the biological body and experiences it as a kind of somatosensory representation along entire magnetic body. It would be the magnetic bodies at higher levels of dark matter hierarchy which learn rather than mere water. Context sensitive field codes emerge naturally as codes involved with all biocontrol, in particular that of gene expression. The charge entanglement by W MEs is the essentially new element in the model for generalized motor actions by magnetic body. Also the telepathic sharing of mental images could rely on charge entanglement. The reduction of charge entanglement can induce a quantum jump to a state in which local BoseEinstein condensates become exotically ionized with certain probability depending on the intensity of W field. These BoseEinstein condensates define pixels of generalized motor maps. Plasma oscillations in turn induce various physiological responses such as Ca^{++} and Mg^{++} waves and nerve pulses in turn giving rise to the generalized motor action. Field code is the correspondence between the spatiotemporal pattern of plasma oscillations and generalized motor action. 4. Some applications The model of the magnetic body and the mechanism of motor control based on plasma oscillations of plasmoids can be tested by finding whether it allows to understand various enigmatic findings. Priore's machine which is a device demonstrated to induce a cure of cancer by somehow stimulating the immune system defines one such application. The findings of Sue Benford about intentionally produced tracks and dots in nuclear emulsions and microwave hearing and closely related taos hum define further applications. There is experimental evidence that electromagnetic stimulation can be used to transfer genetic information imprinted in field patterns between organisms belonging to different species. The idea about genes responsible for genetic self engineering and responding to field patterns representing foreign genes pops up naturally in dark matter inspired vision. The general model for the magnetic body allows also to sharpen the model of remote mental interactions. In fact, these effects would be only a scaledup exogenous versions of the effects appearing endogenously in cellular length scales and also in astrophysical length scales in communications between magnetic bodies and corresponding biological bodies. For details see the revised chapter Homeopathy in ManySheeted SpaceTime.
